Psychology is a science that studies the mind (a function of the central nervous system) and behaviour and the reciprocal relationships between the two. Psychologists study the intersection of two critical relationships: one between brain function and behaviour and another between the external environment and behaviour. (Learn more: www.apa.org/careers/resources/guides/careers.aspx)
Psychotherapy is a general term that is used to describe the process of treating psychological distress and mental disorders. During this process, a trained psychotherapist helps the client tackle a specific or general problem such as a particular mental illness or a source of life stress. Depending on the therapeutic approach used by the therapist, a wide range of techniques and strategies can be used. However, almost all types of psychotherapy involve developing a therapeutic relationship, communicating and creating a dialogue, and working to overcome problematic thoughts or behaviours. (Learn more: http://psychology.about.com/od/psychology101/f/psychfaq.htm)
Web or online therapy and phone counselling are a form of counselling intervention for emotional problems when the client can not come to the therapist’s office. Online counselling has its benefits and costs, just like any other modality of counselling. Some of the benefits are that the client feels a sense of more control and comfortable being in their own space instead of a therapist office. They are less likely to miss appointments due to traffic and other logistical issues. Web therapy also opens up the choices of therapist one can choose from, which earlier was limited to the accessible geographical area.
Web therapy is most effective in emotional problems faced on a day to day or prolonged basis, regarding personal, romantic and professional life. However Online therapy has limited scope of success with clinical or psychiatric patients who require in-person primary care taking. Web therapy can only act as a secondary support tool in such cases. Even in the cases like molestation, rape, suicide attempts or domestic violence web therapy should not be looked at as the first and only support and solution tool.
Also sometimes, the internet conditions and phone network reception can determine the quality of web therapy sessions. Having said that, web therapy and phone counselling have a lot of benefit to offer people with their day to day life skills.
A psychologist is a general term that refers to someone who studies the mind–specifically, the phenomenon of consciousness–and behaviour. While people often think of talk therapy when they hear the word psychologist, this profession actually encompasses a wide range of specialty areas including such things as animal research, industrial psychology, and organizational behaviour. (Learn more: http://psychology.about.com/od/careersinpsychology/a/psychologist.htm)
A psychotherapist is a kind of psychologist or a psychiatrist who practices psychotherapy, i.e., certain specific schools of therapeutic strategies in a clinical or counselling setting.
A psychiatrist is a medical doctor with a specialization in brain science and psychiatric medications. They are the only ones in the field of psychology who have a license to prescribe any medicine. They may or may not be psychotherapists and may have no training in the therapeutic practices or strategies.
So every psychotherapist is either a psychologist or a psychiatrist, but not every psychiatrist and a psychologist is a psychotherapist.
Counsellor and psychologist are terms used interchangeably in common usage. However, more technically, counsellors are primarily concerned with giving advice on varied topics–from career counselling to legal advice and more. Counsellors are not primarily involved in therapeutic interventions for emotional distress and disorders. Counsellors need not have training in the general area of brain science or psychology.
On the other hand, a psychologist is concerned directly with both giving advice and offering therapeutic interventions for dealing with emotional problems.
So every counsellor is not a psychologist, but every psychologist is also a counsellor.
No. Psychologists are not mind-readers with supernatural powers. Psychologists can only work with natural data that the client provides. Some psychologists are better at reading non-verbal cues and body language than others; but this should not be confused with mind reading.
REBT and CBT are two of the many different kinds of Cognitive Behavioural Therapies for dealing with issues of emotional distress and disorder.
Rational Emotive Behavioural Therapy (REBT) is an action-oriented psychotherapy that teaches individuals to examine their own thoughts, beliefs and actions and replace those that are self-defeating with more life-enhancing alternatives. This therapy system was developed by Albert Ellis.(Learn more: http://www.rebt.org/public/about-us.html and http://www.rebt.org/emo_disturbance.pdf)
Aaron Beck’s Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) is a psychological treatment approach that addresses the interactions between how we think, feel and behave. It is usually time-limited (approximately 10-20 sessions), focuses on current problems and follows a structured style of intervention. This therapy was developed by Aaron Beck. (Learn more: http://www.beckinstitute.org/ and http://www.health.gov.bc.ca/library/publications/year/2007/MHA_CognitiveBehaviouralTherapy.pdf)
Emotions are, generally speaking, the result of value-judgements and the meaning we give to events and people around us. So, to understand emotions and enjoy them to the fullest, we need to understand our thinking patterns rationally. Hence, being rational doesn’t mean being devoid of emotions; in fact, by being rational one is able to fully experience and express their emotions without distress and dysfunctionality.